When diabetes damages your eyes?
When you have diabetes and do not take care, complications may arise in your nerves, your kidneys and your eyes, to the point that you can cause blindness. Here we tell you what they’re about the complications in your eyes.
Having diabetes changes your life. From the moment you say that you suffer from this condition you should start acting to keep it under control. If glucose levels in your blood rise too can cause severe and irreversible damage to some of your organs, including your eyes. Elevated glucose levels affect your cardiovascular system at two levels: microvascular (small) and macrovascular (large), depending on the size of blood vessels affecting. In the case of eyes, it is, for obvious reasons, microvascular damage.
After the kidneys, eyes are those who suffer most damage from uncontrolled diabetes. Cataracts, glaucoma and retinopathy that can result in blindness are not exclusive conditions of diabetics, but does increase the risk of developing when you have diabetes.
So you understand what happens to you will explain how these conditions are treated.
You may also like to read another article on CarolineJoyBlog: Tips to care for your diabetes
- Falls: If you’ve ever visited Niagara Falls or Iguacu, you will understand why it is called cataract disease: feel that your eyes fall on a large vapor cloud that will not let them see clearly. Cataracts occur because the lens or lens of the eye, “clouds”. The lens is composed of water and protein. When proteins accumulate, form clumps, which form a kind of gray or whitish film covering the lens and block the passage of light. Cataracts can cause blindness.
- Glaucoma: Two – thirds of cases of glaucoma in the United States are due to type 2 diabetes Glaucoma is also the leading cause of blindness in this country. Glaucoma is increased pressure in the eye, which eventually causes damage to the optic nerve and causes loss of vision in one or both eyes.
- Retinopathy: The cause of this condition is the deterioration of blood vessels supplying the retina at the back of the eye. When blood vessels are weakened may leak fluid or blood from them and fragile branches are formed in the form of brush that can be enlarged in certain places. When blood or fluid out, form a fibrous tissue that makes the image sent to the brain is blurry. People who have had diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for more than 10 years are at high risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. High blood pressure and high levels of blood sugar contribute to this. Eventually, retinopathy may cause retinal detachment and consequently blindness.
However, it is important to know that sometimes these diseases develop and progress silently. It is therefore important that if you suffer from diabetes, and annually examine the eyes with a specialist. This could save your eyes and your vision.