Derma: Types, Symptoms and Treatments
The dermatomycosis or cutaneous mycoses are diseases that affect the skin and are caused by fungi, yeasts or molds. There are various types of dermatomycosis depending on the area of the body and of the family it belongs to the fungus.
Derma: The underlying causes
The dermatomycosis are inflicted by organisms that feed on dead organic matter or decaying. These parasites may settle in specific areas of the body and generate various problems.
In fact on our skin always thrive fungi and other microorganisms families but our body can easily to counter their attacks. In some cases the defenses of our body are lowered, we weaken and fungi manage to overcome our barriers. Also certain types of fungi, we can take them “borrow” from animals and places that we frequent as lawns, public toilets, gyms and swimming pools.
- Disorders and nutritional deficiencies,
- Skin lesions,
- Poor personal hygiene,
- Excessive sweating,
- Use for a prolonged period of antibiotics or cortisone,
- Lowering of immune defenses related to the presence of other pathologies
Recall that the dermatomycosis is a contagious disease that is easily transmitted, especially within the same family with which they share the daily spaces. Therefore, the identification of the first suspicious symptoms, you should consult a dermatologist for a diagnostic visit.
The dermatomycosis are not dangerous diseases that endanger the patient’s life but are highly contagious and symptoms are subjective and linked to the patient’s ability to respond to infection. So do not be underestimated and should be treated promptly.
The problem is that they are often asymptomatic and the subject is aware to be under attack of fungi in delay compared to the time of infection. The risk is that the infection becomes chronic, it extends to other parts of the body and in the meantime I spotted infects others with whom he came in contact.
Among the most common symptoms we have …
- A part of the body skin shows small white or red spots,
- Presence of irritation and redness,
- Flaking and tearing of the skin,
- Hair loss,
- Nails that change color and texture.
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Dermatomycosis: The various types
There are different types of dermatomycosis, and different ways of classifying them, depending on the location involved and the family that owns the fungus …
Superficial dermatomycosis: The fungus attack is bounded to the surface layers of skin, to the hair and the hair. The body’s reaction is of little importance; the symptoms are mainly cosmetic in nature and easily resolved with proper care. Among the superficial dermatomycosis it: Pityriasis versicolor (appears in the summer when the sun is peel off the skin where there are mushrooms), Tinea nigra, White Stone (affects the hair and is caused by the genus Trichosporon mushrooms) and the Black Stone (interested hair and is caused by the fungus Pedraia Hortae)
Tinea pedis: Affects the toes and prefers damp places. It can be caused by an excess of hygiene as we increase the humidity of the areas around the fingers of the lower limbs. The fungus responsible for this dermatomycosis is Trichophyton,
Tinea manuum: Affects the fingers and nails that become wrinkled and with evident inflammation of the tissue around them. It is caused by the fungus Microsporum,
Tinea cruris: It affects the groin area and also can be favored by too frequent washings,
Tinea capitis: Affects the scalp with colored patches and related hair loss,
Tinea unguium: Dermatomycosis that affects the nails,
Tinea barbae: It affects the area where the beard grows,
Dermatomycosis caused by yeasts: Malassezia, Candida and cryptococcal neoformans,
Dermatomycosis caused by molds: Alternaria, Aspergillus and Fusarium.
How to diagnose dermatomycosis
To diagnose dermatomycosis you need specialist visit to a dermatologist who will make an initial visual inspection of the affected area. Following might be useful to a microscopic examination of the tissue to locate with precision the type of fungus.
How to treat dermatomycosis
Once you have determined the causative fungus family can plan a treatment targeted to treat dermatomycosis using a specific anti-fungal medication (usually topical). It will use a systemic oral therapy if the infection is in an advanced state. Today, with current treatments, can heal and completely solve the problem.
The importance of prevention
The infections that cause dermatomycosis can be prevented if you put attention to some aspects of their daily life. It is especially important …
- Hold high global defenses around the body so that effectively activate when there is the attack of fungi,
- Pay attention to injuries and skin injuries that can be a gateway to infection,
- Do not wear too tight clothing that increase sweating and do not allow the body to breathe,
- To control certain diseases such as diabetes,
- Avoid direct contact with infected persons,
- Have a proper daily hygiene of the whole body,
- In the gym, in the pool and in all wet areas not walk barefoot.